Obesity is an epidemic in the United States. The number of Americans with overweight and obesity has become troublesome in recent years, and more Americans today are overweight than usual. In fact, more than 60 percent of Americans are considered overweight, more than 30 percent of the population as obese (for example, obesity more than 20 to 30 percent recommended by weight). These numbers describe the tragic state of public health. Obesity increases the risk of serious illness. A very high (and increasing) percentage of the population is an increased risk of a serious chronic disease, which causes the risk of early obesity or death due to overweight. Meanwhile, the whole society is struggling with health care costs.
Weight loss associated with medicine, physical health or a link to the overall weight reduction of the average loss of fluids, fat or body fat and muscle mass, that is, mineral bone deposits, muscles, tendons, and another connective tissue result. Weight loss can occur accidentally or due to malnutrition or baseline health or due to intentional efforts to improve the actual or predictable conditions of overweight or obesity. “Unexplained” Losing weight is not the result of calorie reduction or exercise called wasting, and can be a symptom of a serious illness. Targeted weight loss is usually referred to as weight loss.
Factors Contributing To Obesity
- Obesity is a complex disorder with biological, genetic, behavioral, social, cultural and environmental factors. E.g:
- Individual behavior and environmental factors can contribute to over-calorie and inadequate physical activity. The current high percentage of obesity is partly due to increased snacks and eating outside, a larger share in the sizes of more attention to food advertising, limited access to physical activity and technological progress of saving work (Duffey & Popkin 2011 Piernas and Popkin, 2011; Powell et al. ., 2011, Sallis and Glanz, 2009).
- Some diseases (eg polycystic ovary syndrome), and prescription drugs (eg Steroids, antidepressants) can increase weight.
- Recent data show that lack of sleep, prenatal and postnatal influences (ZB maternal body weight before pregnancy, mother smoking during pregnancy), chemical exposure and stress can affect the balance of strength or the risk of obesity (Gore et al 2015, Gundersen et al., 2011 , Knutson, 2012, Shlisky et al., 2012, Weng et al., 2012).
- After ethnicity, gender, age, income, and other social and demographic factors can also play a role in this difficult health issue, as described elsewhere on this site. (See the US Department of Obesity and the relationship between poverty and obesity).
Strategies To Lose Weight
Eat breakfast every day: It is common that many people have lost and there is no daily breakfast. “A lot of people think that skipping breakfast is a great way to cut out calories, but they tend to eat all day long,” said Elizabeth Ward, MS, RD, author of the Pocket Guide idiots for new diet pyramids. “Studies show that people who eat breakfast have a lower BMI achieved for breakfast, as well as superior results, whether at school or in the hall.” Try wholegrain cereal with a fruity and fat-free milk bowl fast and nutritious day by day.
Close the kitchen at night: Set a time when you stop eating so that you do not have night snacks and crazy snacks at night. Take tea, suck a candy or drink a small bowl of light ice cream or frozen yogurt, if you want to eat after dinner, but brush your teeth, so often do not eat or drink. “Suggests Elaine Magee MPH, RD, WebMD Prescription Doctor” and the author of Comfort Food Makeovers.
Choose the calorific fluids wisely: Sweet drinks accumulate in calories but do not reduce hunger as a solid food. To quench thirst with water, sparkling water from citrus, skim milk or skimmed milk or low portions of 100% fruit juice. Try nutritious and low-calorie glass for vegetable juices to stop when you’re hungry between meals. Be careful about fast calorie intake. If you tend to drink most of the days for one or two glasses of wine or a cocktail, alcohol restriction can mean huge calorie savings on weekends.
Eat more products: Eating a lot of low-calorie fruits and vegetables, large volume, displacing other foods with high fat and calories. Move meat from the middle of the plate and add vegetables. Or try for lunch or dinner with vegetable salad or soup with broth, dr. Barbara Rolls, author of the Volumetrics nutrition plan. US Administration in 2005 Diet guidelines shows that adults produce 7-13 cups a day. Branches think that it is not very difficult, “Give the kitchen a lot of fruits and vegetables, as well as several servings of every meal and snack,” he says. “Your diet is rich in vitamins, minerals, plant nutrients, and fiber, and if you fill a very nutritious product does not reach the jar.”
Go to the corn: Ingrain in exchange for refined cereals, such as white bread, cakes, cookies, and pretzels add much-needed fiber and filled quickly, so you have a better chance of taking part would be reasonable. Choose wholemeal bread and pasta, brown rice, bran, maize, and all raw crackers.
Manage your environment: Another simple strategy to reduce the number of calories consumed is to maintain control over the area – from the kitchen to provide many healthy options, including the selection of the right restaurants. This means avoiding temptations if you are away from restaurants where you can eat so much. And when it comes to parties, “First of all, eat a healthy snack that you are not hungry and selective when you fill your plate form,” says Ward. Wait at least 15 minutes before you eat more and drink a large glass of water.
Trim Portions: If you only reduce the portions by 10% to 20%, you lose weight. Most of the dishes served in restaurants and at home are higher than you need. Pull the measuring cups to control the normal portion sizes and work with them to reduce them. Get immediate control of the port by using small bowls, plates, and mugs, says Brian Wansink, Ph.D., author of mindless eating. They do not think they are at a disadvantage because food will look generous in decorative dishes.
Add more steps: Buy a walker and gradually add more steps until you reach 10,000 a day. Try to do everything in the day when you can be more active – When you call, take the dog for an extra walk and go through the ad until March. The pedometer is a constant motif and reminder.
Have Protein at Every Meal and Snack: Adding a low-fat or low-fat protein source to every meal and snack will ensure longer sauce times, so you will eat much less time. Try fatty yogurt, a small number of nuts, peanut butter, eggs, beans or lean meat. Experts also recommend small, frequent meals and snacks (every 3-4 hours), maintaining constant blood sugar levels and avoiding excessive consumption.
Switch to lighter alternatives: Use low-fat salad dressings, mayonnaise, milk, and other product versions. “You can easily grow calories using lighter and lighter products, and no one will notice if the product is mixed with other ingredients,” says Magee. Closer alternatives: Use salsa or hummus as a draft; Place a sandwich with mustard instead of Mayo; Just eat fried sweet potatoes, instead of loading with white potatoes; Instead of milk instead of coffee, use coffee; keep the cheese in sandwiches, and use salad vinegar instead of a creamy sauce.
Healthy Weight Loss-Friendly Foods
“Eggs are a great source of protein in low-calorie packs,” says Maguire. A large egg contains between 70 and 90 calories, depending on how it is boiled (eggs in the lower part of the spectrum and eggs meet above) and is about six grams of protein and six grams of fat and one gram of carbohydrates. Eggs also contain many important nutrients, such as calcium, folic acid, and vitamins A and D.
Almonds touch the diet triforce: they are packed with fiber, protein and healthy fats, which makes a balanced snack selection, “says Haynes. The only catch? “Chewing almonds quickly accumulate calories,” says Maguire. So you must be wise with your portions. The recommended amount of USDA almond or 23 whole nuts 164 calories, 14 g fat, five grams carbohydrates and three grams of fiber.
Avocados are a favorite source of healthy fats, but they also have a caloric density. According to the recommended portion, USDA is about 30 grams or a fourth of the Avocado average – in other words, much less than most people eat. Avocado district 50 calories less than one gram of protein, five grams of fat, three grams of carbohydrates and two grams of fiber.
This cruciferous vegetable is low calorie and rich in nutrients such as calcium, potassium and vitamin A. One cup of grated raw cabbage contains 18 calories, about four grams of carbohydrates two grams of fiber and less than one gram of fat plan and a diet for weight loss is it that you can eat a lot without calories. Maguire recommends adding fermented cabbage (sauerkraut kimchi) or to your diet to promote bowel health. You can eat it individually or throw it in a vegetarian bowl with your favorite protein and quinone.
While they praise the Internet as a rapid weight loss, grapefruit really does not have the specific ability to burn fat, “says Maguire. On the contrary, it is a large amount of water and fiber that can help you feel full and eat less. This is confirmed by the study published by the Medicinal Food Journal. The results showed that grapefruit consumption led to some weight loss: People who ate three times a day, half a grapefruit at each meal, lost about two pounds more than those who did not.
Oatmeal is a fantastic complex of carbohydrates, fiber and protein source that can last in a few hours. A cup of boiled oatmeal has 159 calories and six grams of protein, 27 grams of carbohydrates, four grams of fiber and three grams of fat. “Oatmeal is a great canvas for adding other nutrients,” says Maguire. Likes berries, slices of bananas, walnuts, seeds or are soft coconut butter or almonds.
Salmon is not only a great source of lean protein that can help maintain muscle mass when you’re trying to lose weight, but salmon is also a healthy omega-3 fatty acid that can not produce your own body. Three ounces of salmon fillet has 155 calories, 22 grams of protein, seven grams of fat and zero carbohydrates. “Salmon is a great choice as a dinner together with some vegetables and whole grains or starch, such as quinoa or sweet potato,” says Maguire.
Not all yogurts are the same when it comes to losing weight. Yogurt with many flavors and purchased bouquets is full of sugar. On the other hand, pasta, unsweetened, 2% Greek yogurt contains a lot of sugar and protein. It is a healthy choice of snacks or baking of heavy ingredients such as sour cream and cheese with sour cream.
For example, cabbage, spinach has a low calorie, high fiber content and water content. This means that you can eat a lot without affecting your daily calories. For example, a cup of green spinach contains only seven calories, almost one gram of protein and fiber and one gram of carbohydrates.
An old story may have some truth about the fact that an apple keeps a doctor every day. A study published in the journal Appetite showed that eating at the beginning of a meal can help control weight. People who ate medium-sized apples for food, 15 percent reduced nutritional energy and said they felt more sophisticated.
Nine Popular Weight Loss Diet Plans
The Paleo Diet
Diet Paleo says that modern people should eat the same food as their ancestor’s hunters and assemblers – how people were genetically modeled to enjoy the development of agriculture. The theory is that most modern diseases can be associated with the Western diet and consumption of cereals, dairy products, and processed foods. Although it is doubtful whether this diet consists of the same food that ancestors use, it has impressive health benefits.
The Paleo diet plays an important role in healthy food, lean proteins, vegetables, fruits, nuts, and seeds, as well as processed foods, sugars, dairy products, and cereals. Some of the more flexible versions of the Paleo diet also allow the use of dairy products such as cheese and butter, as well as tubers, such as potatoes and sweet potatoes.
The Vegan Diet
The vegan diet consists of a vegetarian group that does not use dairy products, eggs or other animal products. Vegan Lifestyle strives to exclude all forms of exploitation and cruel animals for ethical, environmental or health reasons. Veganism is the strongest form of vegetarianism. In addition, meat, dairy products, eggs and animal products such as gelatin, honey, albumin, whey, casein and some forms of vitamin D3 are removed.
A low carbohydrate diet has been popular for decades, especially in slimming. There are several types of carbohydrate diets, but everything about carbohydrate intake is limited to 20 to 150 grams of pure carbs per day. The main goal of the diet is to make the body use more fats than fuels and do not use carbohydrates as the main source of energy.
A low carbohydrate diet is based on the use of unlimited protein and fat, while significantly reducing carbohydrate intake. When the intake of carbohydrates is very low, the fatty acids are released into the bloodstream and transported to the liver, some of which are converted into ketones. The body can use fatty acids and ketones as the main source of energy in the absence of carbohydrates.
The Dukan Diet
It is a high protein diet with low carbohydrate content. It is a low-calorie diet that can be divided into four phases: two slimming phases and two maintenance phases. The life expectancy in each phase depends on the weight you need to lose. Each stage has its own eating habits. The slimming stages are mainly based on the use of unlimited high protein food and obligatory oat brans. The remaining stages start without starchy vegetables, and then some carbohydrates and fats. Later, fewer “pure protein days” will be your new weight.
The Ultra Low-Fat Diet
It reduces fat content by less than 10% of calories. In general, a low-fat diet provides about 30% of caloric intake as fat. Many studies have shown that this diet is not effective if you lose weight over time. Low-fat taxpayers state that the traditional low-fat diet does not have a low-fat content and that fat intake requires less than 10% of all calories related to health and weight loss. produce. A low-fat diet contains 10% or less of calories from fat. The diet is mainly herbal and its amount is small. Therefore, it generally has a very high carbohydrate content (80%) and low protein content (10%).
The Atkins diet
The Atkins diet is a well-known low carb diet. His followers say you can lose weight by eating as much protein and fat as you can while you have carbohydrates. The main reason why low carb diets are so effective that weight loss is that they reduce appetite. This ensures that you eat fewer calories, no matter what. The Atkins diet has been divided into four phases. It begins with the induction phase when consuming less than 20 grams of carbohydrates a day for two weeks. Other stages gradually bring healthy carbohydrates into your diet when approaching the target weight.
The HCG diet
The HCG diet is a very low body weight diet that claims that very fast weight loss is 0.45-1 kg per day. His lawyers say he will increase your metabolism and help you lose a lot of fat without starving yourself.
He tells the woman’s body that she is pregnant and supports the production of hormones, which is important for the development of the fetus. It was also used to treat fertility problems. Nutrition is divided into three stages. The first stage lasts two days. You will now start using HCG supplements.
The second phase is the weight loss phase, in which you take a very low-calorie diet with only 500 calories per day with drops containing HCG supplements, granules, injections or sprays. Losing weight is always set for 3-6 weeks.
The third stage is to stop taking HCG and slowly increase food intake.
The Zone Diet
Zone diet is a diet with low glycemic load, in which the intake of carbohydrates is reduced to 35-45% of the daily calorie intake, and proteins and fats to 30%. It is recommended to use only hydrocarbons with the low glycemic load. Food Glycemic Load (GL) is an estimate of how high blood sugar levels will be when eating. It takes into account the number of carbohydrates in the diet and how much increases the amount of sugar in the blood.
Zone diet has been designed to reduce foodborne infections, reduce weight and reduce the risk of chronic disease. The zone diet recommends combining each meal with a third protein, two-thirds of colorful fruits and vegetables and fats, i.e. monounsaturated oils such as olive oil, avocados or almonds. It also means limiting the intake of large GL carbohydrates, such as bananas, rice, and potatoes.
- The 16/8 method includes breakfast and daily meals up to 8 hours. Then it was 16 hours.
- ESS Stop Eat method: Use of hunger within 24 hours once or twice a week on weekdays.
- Diet 5: 2: limit the dose to 500-600 calories for two consecutive days a week. They will usually eat the last five days.
- Fighting diet: eating a small number of raw fruits and vegetables a day and a great evening meal, a four-hour meal, and dinner.
Benefits Of Weight Loss
You do not have to waste a hundred pounds to reap the benefits of medicine to lose weight. If you are overweight or obese, you may lose some weight to improve your overall health. Some studies even show that weight loss is only 5-10%. It can change your health. Here are some of the benefits that you can see:
- Reduced risk of diabetes
- Reduced blood pressure
- Better cholesterol
- Reduced risk of heart disease
- Reduced risk of some cancers
- Improved mobility
- Reduced joint pain
- Better blood sugar
- Reduced risk of stroke
- Reduced back pain
- Reduced risk or improvement of osteoarthritis symptoms
- Reduced risk or improvement of sleep apnea symptoms
Your doctor can personally inform you about the health benefits you can expect after losing weight. For example, you can reduce or eliminate certain medications or reduce the risk of disease. Your doctor may also recommend or recommend a registered dietitian or physiotherapist who will help you create a healthy weight loss program.
In addition to losing weight, you can improve your lifestyle by losing weight. Many successful losers report improvements in the following areas:
- A more active social life
- Greater self-confidence
- You better sleep
- Increased energy
- Improved sexual life
- Reduced stress
- A corrected body image
- Improved life
- Improved mood
The advantages of a doctor and lifestyle to lose weight can be enough to encourage diet and exercise. However, some diets also lose weight to improve the quality of relationships. For example, you can lose weight to save a marriage.
This is an area where it is difficult to lose weight. While some people have better relationships after losing weight, losing something else is not always a wise idea. There may be problems with other compounds that do not solve the problem of weight loss. And if you are on a diet for something happy, you can lose weight at the beginning, but the weight often returns.
Disadvantages of Obesity
Obesity causes many problems in the body. There are many ways that can be harmful to your body and health.
- Listen to diseases because of weight gain
- Bone pain due to overweight
- Poor resistance
- Social problems
- Sexual problems
- Type 2 diabetes
- High blood pressure
- Pregnancy problems
- Breathing problems
- Sleep disorders
- Heart problems
- Risk of stroke
- Abnormal cholesterol
- Motion disorders and joint pain
Dietary changes, low carbohydrate diets and glycemic indexes (GI), high protein content and low fat intake have a positive effect on weight gain. The results are controversial. The dietary approach to hypertension (DASH) seems to be beneficial for weight loss, although further research is still needed. Some specific behaviors were associated with less weight, for example, if you did not sleep at night, you drink less sugar and sugar and have a healthy pattern. There are several special recommended foods with weight. However, the role of some foods is not confirmed.